OCaml cryptokit and Java PBEWithMD5AndDES

During one of my project I need to interact with Java cryptographic extension. Some data has been encrypted using PBEWithMD5AndDES. I need to access it from OCaml.

I take a look at available cryptographic extension in the Debian project for OCaml: cryptgps and cryptokit. I choose cryptokit, because its author is well known: Xavier Leroy.

This article was my starting point. Of course, I keep in mind that the reference is there and that there is a good article covering it.

Here is the result in OCaml:

 let decrypt passphrase salt ?(iterationCount=41) str =
   let key, iv =
     let rec hash_aux iter str =
       if iter > 0 then
         (* Rehash string *)
         hash_aux
           (iter - 1)
           (hash_string
              (Hash.md5 ())
              str)
       else
         (* Key = first 8 bytes of the MD5 hash *)
         String.sub str 0 8,
         (* IV = last 8 bytes of the MD5 hash *)
         String.sub str 8 8
     in
       (* Hash n times combination of passphrase and salt,
           return key and iv 
         *)
       hash_aux
         iterationCount
         (passphrase ^ salt)
   in
     transform_string
        (Cipher.des
           ~pad:Padding.length
           ~iv:iv
           key
           Cipher.Decrypt)
       str

The only missing information was the pad algorithm to use (Padding.length). For this piece of information, I need to browse the RSA documentation and test a little bit.

Rewriting PBEWithMD5andDES is quite straightforward with cryptokit and OCaml. It takes 25 lines with C# and OCaml (only counting LoC, no comment, no empty constructor or declaration in C#). I was thinking that this task will require 2 or 3 days, but it has been done in 4 hours...

Many thanks to cryptokit ;-)

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